Want a full-body workout but can't be bothered to spend hours in the gym? We have good news for you: here is the best full-body workout for those who're short on time but want to see some results ASAP. We aren't saying it will be easy, but if you're happy to put in some effort yourself, this dirt-simple whole-body exercise routine can help you build muscle and lose weight at the same time.
How can so few exercises provide a full-body workout experience? It's simple: you need to perform the right kind of exercises and use the correct equipment. Don't worry about buying expensive home gym equipment; all you need is a couple of dumbbells – or adjustable dumbbells – a weight bench, and possibly a barbell with some bumper plates.
We called the group of exercises mentioned in this workout 'The Big Five': these compound moves activate a range of muscles and are an excellent way to build strength and mass.
We'll discuss how to perform the Big Five exercise below, as well as alternatives and some tips and tricks to maximise performance and even recovery. Alternatively, you can give this push-pull-leg workout or the best full-body dumbbell workout a try for variety.
Want your abs to pop? Although nothing here targets the abs specifically, the below compound exercises will require you to use your core a lot. Consider buying an ab roller and using our favourite core exercises if you want to get a six-pack.
Don't forget to get your protein
There are three key elements to effectively gain lean muscle mass: rigorous exercising, a healthy diet and rest. If you skip either of these, you might see slower muscle development and or even worse, injure yourself in the process.
Bulking is a popular word among bodybuilders: it means putting on weight so your body can transform your carb and fat reserves into muscle mass. Bulking doesn't mean you can gorge yourself on pizza and pasta all day long, though.
Once you find your maintenance calorie level (if you have an office desk-based job and you are an average built male, that's around 2400 calories per day), eat 5-700 more calories on top of that, mainly more protein and good carbs. That should be plenty to fuel your body to gain more muscle (and not fat).
With creatine, we recommend getting the unflavoured variety because it mixes well with any liquid. You only need a small amount to keep your creatine levels saturated, so you can combine your daily dose of 3-5 grams of creatine with anything in the morning (water, juice, even coffee) without having to worry about an aftertaste.
For more deets on how to bulk up properly, check out this 'how to gain weight naturally' guide: it's as straightforward as it gets.
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The BIG FIVE
Before you start doing any exercises, make sure you're all warmed up. Do 5-10 minutes of cardio plus a set or two of each move with lighter weights to wake your muscles up.
Important: if you are new to weight lifting, start even the 'proper' lifting with smaller weights you can easily manage and work your way up slowly, over a period of days, weeks or even months. There is no need to rush into an injury; you won't impress anybody by pulling your back doing 120-kilo deadlifts. Be sensible and if you are ever in doubt, ask a professional. There are plenty of PTs lingering around in any commercial gym. Not to mention, most buff people in gyms are more than happy to give you unsolicited advice.
In-depth: How to deadlift
Muscles worked: calves, thighs, glutes, core/abs, lower back, traps, rhomboids
Best for: Building overall strength
Sets/reps: Do three sets of 6-8 reps
Deadlifts are also called the 'King of Lifts': they are the mother of all strength exercises. This exercise activates almost all of your muscles, from your toes to your neck. Performed correctly, you will feel the burn after the first few reps and will be pleasantly (?) exhausted by the end of the last set.
Make sure you keep your back straight and open up your shoulders to avoid back injury. The spine stays neutral through the movement. Legs are a little less than shoulder-width apart, hands grabbing the bar next to them on the outside.
Most people recommend using an 'over-under grip': one hand grabs the bar with an overhand grip while the other with an underhand grip. Alternate the grip between sets.
Start the exercise by pushing the weights up with your quads and glutes. Once the bar reaches around knee height, start straightening your back until you're all upright. Make sure you squeeze the shoulder blades at the apex of the movement.
The downwards movement mirrors what you did up until now: first, lower the weight using a hip-hinge motion, running the bar close to your leg, and once it reaches your knees, bend them and place the bar back on the ground.
Although deadlifts can be performed at home, it is advised to get someone to help you find the correct form first and then venture into testing your max capacity. Form is fundamental with deadlifts, and it is not all that difficult to injure yourself if you are not paying attention.
2. Bench press
In depth: How to bench press
Muscles worked: pecs (chest), triceps, front shoulders, traps
Best for: Working the chest and the arms
Sets/Reps: Do 3-4 sets of 8-12 reps
The bench press needs no introduction. This exercise is synonymous with bodybuilding and everyone knows how to do it right (or at least they think they do).
Saying that, get someone to spot you (stand behind you) when you first try the bench press. Tuck in your elbows a bit and really concentrate on your pecs (i.a. chest muscles) both ways of the movement.
Alternatively, you can start off doing bench presses on the Smith machine (a large frame with a fixed-movement bar). Using the Smith machine, you don't have to concentrate on stabilising the bar, which makes it easier to push the weight up.
Bench presses can be done on a flat bench or on an incline too. They can also be performed with dumbbells, and it is probably a more sensible way to do them if you are working out at home.
3. Overhead press
In depth: How to do the overhead press
Muscles worked: pecs (chest), delts, triceps, traps
Best for: Building shoulder definition
Sets/Reps: Do 3-4 sets of 8-10 reps
Sometimes called military press, this exercise is great for your shoulders and arms.
Keep your back straight and engage your core (if you unsure how to do this, flex your abs and straighten your back) then press the bar up, avoiding your chin. The movement of the bar should be a straight line up and down, make sure you bob your head back and forth as the bar crosses in front of it.
Shoulders can improve your looks a great deal, and are actually the real key to getting great guns.
In depth: How to squat
Muscle areas activated: glutes (aka the biggest muscle in your body), thighs, traps, abs/obliques, upper back/lats
Best for: Activating the thighs, glutes and improving core strength
Sets/Reps: Do 3 sets of 8-12 reps
The infamous leg exercise: squats are brilliant for all the right reasons. Doing back squats (with the bar sitting on your shoulders), you activate a range of muscles, not just the legs and glutes.
To hold the bar, you will need to engage your core as well as your legs. If you're brave enough – and use smaller weights, please – you can also do a calf raise after each rep to get big calves faster (opens in new tab).
A variation on the theme is the front squat when you hold the bar in front of your neck. Be extra careful with this when you try it for the first time and drop the weights you can lift with back squats significantly to avoid you falling forward. You use different muscles to stabilise the bar with front squats which might feel odd at first, especially after doing back squats for a bit.
5. Bent over row
In depth: How to do bent over row
Muscle areas activated: lats, shoulders, forearms and biceps, hams/glutes, spinal erectors
Best for: Widening the back (lats) and working your biceps
Sets/Reps: Do 3-4 sets of 8-12 reps
The bent over row is performed – surprise! – bent over while you stood up, legs shoulder-width apart. Use an underhand grip (palms facing up when you hold the bar) to activate bicep muscles and pull the bar close to your abs (not your chest).
This exercise is great for your arms and your back, as well as activating your core.
You can do the bent over row with dumbbells too. Same motion, just with holding a dumbbell in each hand.
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- How to get big arms fast: the best bicep and tricep workouts for gaining guns
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