Samsung Galaxy S10: one of the most important details has been revealed

Samsung just unveiled the brains behind the Galaxy S10

Samsung Galaxy S10 Exynos

The foldable Galaxy X may be getting all the attention, but Samsung still plans to launch three new entries into its hugely-successful Galaxy S range early next year.

These flagship handsets are widely-tipped to boast in-display fingerprint scanner, all-screen design, and a triple-camera set-up capable of bokeh-style blur in portrait images and ultra-wide shots for group photos.

Samsung Galaxy S10 range will likely be powered by the next-generation Exynos 9820, which was unveiled by the company during a press conference earlier today.

The all-new system-on-a-chip from Samsung boasts an improved Neural Processing Unit (NPU) that handles on-device Artificial Intelligence (AI) processes, as well as an improved LTE modem capable of downlink speeds of up to 2.0 Gbps.

Exynos 9820 is the first Samsung system-on-chip that sports a dedicated AI chip, following closely in the footsteps of Huawei’s Kirin 980 and Apple’s A12 Bionic.

Separating the AI functionality from the main CPU should speed-up a whole slew of everyday smartphone tasks, like opening applications, playing resource-intensive video games, and taking photographs and videos.

According to Samsung, single-core performance is 20% improved than the previous generation Exynos chipset. Meanwhile, power efficiency is 40% improved, which should significantly boost battery life in any handsets powered by the Exynos 9820.

Like its predecessor, the next-generation Exynos boasts a security chip tasked with storing and managing personal and biometric data, including facial maps and fingerprint scans, in an isolated portion of the system. This should reduce the risk of attacks from cybercriminals.

“As AI-related services expand and their utilisation diversify in mobile devices, their processors require higher computational capabilities and efficiency,” said Ben Hur, Vice President of System LSI marketing at Samsung Electronics.

“The AI capabilities in the Exynos 9 Series 9820 will provide a new dimension of performance in smart devices through an integrated NPU, high-performance fourth-generation custom CPU core, 2.0Gbps LTE modem, and improved multimedia performance.”

Samsung is leveraging its NPU to improve images and videos shot on smartphones powered by the Exynos 9820. The dedicated coprocessor will uplift results in a similar manner to the Pixel Visual Core in the latest Google Pixel handsets.

According to Samsung, the Exynos 9820’s advanced image signal processor (ISP) supports up to five sensors – hinting at its ambitions to include a slew of camera lens into its upcoming smartphones and tablets. The improved silicon will also improve the speed of the autofocus

When it comes to video capture, the Exynos 9820 is capable of something truly special. The new chipset supports encoding and decoding of 8K videos at 30fps.

Samsung expects Exynos 9820 to be in mass production by the end of 2018.

The confirmation of Exynos 9820 comes hours after reliable leakster Evan Blass, better known by his social media handle @evleaks, revealed some juicy new tidbits about the upcoming Galaxy S10 handsets, which will purportedly be unveiled at MWC next year.

According to the Twitter tipster, who has an almost impeccable track record when it comes to forecasting the next-generation hardware from Samsung, the Galaxy S10 will have a three camera set-up on the back of the phone which will consist of a wide-angle, a telephoto lens and a primary shooter.

Blass has also reiterated previous rumours that the Galaxy S10 will embed an ultrasonic fingerprint sensor beneath the glass on the front of the device, similar to the OnePlus 6T and Huawei Mate 20 Pro

According to a recent patent filed by the company, Samsung looking into technology that allows phone owners to place their fingertip anywhere on the screen to verify their identity. This is a dramatically different approach from rival devices, which use a small portion of the screen to scan fingerprints – typically the same size as the physical sensors found on other smartphone models.

According to the US Trademark and Patent Office document filed by Samsung, its fullscreen in-display fingerprint scanner uses a secondary, low-power processor to work. This secondary silicon ramps up the brightness of the screen as soon as it detects contact and scans the print pressed against the glass three times for security. This would make the sensor more accurate than current in-display sensors – not to mention easier to use. 

Evan Blass reveals that the Galaxy S10 will have an all-screen design broken only by a small, circular cut-out at the very top of the display for the front-facing camera. 

Everything else that would usually live inside the bezel on a Samsung-branded smartphone – proximity sensors, speaker grill, ambient light sensors, and more – will be moved to the border around the handset, or embedded beneath the display.

Finally, the latest report from Blass seemingly confirms the Samsung Galaxy S10 will ship with the all-new Android 9-based One UI operating system. The latter is a redesigned mobile OS that introduces a new design language for Samsung handsets.

According to the Seoul-based technology company, "One UI helps you focus on what really matters to you. With hardware and software working together in harmony, see only what you need, using and viewing your phone with an experience that feels second nature."

With the rumoured release still four months away, it's worth taking these details with a healthy pinch of salt. However, Evan Blass has a solid track record with unreleased Samsung hardware, so we wouldn't be surprised if this was all eerily accurate.