As we enter October and get into the Autumn / Winter months, it’s the time of year that the clocks go back. This means the days will get shorter and the evenings will get dark earlier.
Twice a year, the clocks change to reflect the changing of the seasons. While the clocks go forward at the start of summer, they go back at the start of winter, taking our clocks from British Summer Time (BST) to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
But when do the clocks go back in the UK? Do we have to do anything for it? And most importantly, how do we still get a good night’s sleep after the clocks change? Keep reading for all the details…
When do the clocks go back this year?
In the UK, the clocks will be going back on Sunday 30th October 2022 this year, according to GOV.UK (opens in new tab). The clocks go back by 1 hour at 2am, so depending on your sleep cycle, you should be asleep during this time. The clocks will be in GMT for months until they go forward again on Sunday 26th March 2023. Currently, the sun is setting between 6 and 7pm but after the clocks change, the sun will start to set between 4 and 5pm.
So, which clocks will you have to personally change? Lucky for you, smartphones and laptops will automatically update themselves but if you use an analogue clock, you’ll need to change it manually. Car and oven clocks will also need to be updated by you, too.
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Do we lose or gain an hour of sleep?
When the clocks go back, we gain an extra hour. Many people will love this as it means you can get an extra hour in bed or a longer lie-in, which is great for those not getting enough sleep at night.
While many of us are already looking forward to the clocks going back, an hour extra of sleep a night can affect your sleep schedule. The shorter days and darker mornings and evenings can also contribute to leaving you feeling tired, sluggish and many will experience seasonal affective disorder aka SAD.
It’s recommended that adults get 7-9 hours of sleep a night. However, there are extenuating circumstances to this, for example, if you’re aged 38+, you should be getting 7 hours of sleep (opens in new tab), and studies have shown that 4.5 - 6.5 hours of sleep is best for brain function (opens in new tab). So, to help you prepare for this extra hour on the 30th October, here’s how to ensure you get the best night’s sleep without disrupting your sleep cycle.
How to get the best sleep when the clocks go back
Firstly, adjust your bedtime in the lead-up to the clocks changing. While a lie-in on a Sunday sounds dreamy, the extra hour in bed can make you feel groggy and lead to you staying up later in the night and feeling tired when you have to get up the next day. Start by going to bed about 15-20 minutes earlier during the week that the clocks change, so it doesn’t feel too unusual when the clocks go back.
Next, stick to 8 hours of sleep or however much you need to feel your best when you wake up. Even an hour more or less makes a difference to your circadian rhythm and hormone production. Try to stick to the standard time you wake up in the morning, carry on your routine as normal and avoid napping in the afternoon to ensure success. It’s also a good idea to consume caffeine the same time you normally would as you could become more reliant on tea or coffee at an earlier time, which will disrupt your body’s cortisol levels. See what time you should stop drinking coffee (opens in new tab) for more details.
Finally, adapt your sleeping space to reflect the day. When the clocks go back, the mornings will become brighter earlier and the evenings will get darker quicker. To combat this, make your room dark to avoid unnecessary morning light. However, as the sun begins to rise, use a wake up light to get used to the brighter mornings. The best wake up lights (opens in new tab) gradually brighten your room so you wake up more naturally, perfect for the lighter starts to the day. For more sleep advice, check out how to avoid daylight savings jet lag (opens in new tab).