Everyone's got that one runner friend who swears by wearing compression socks all the time. Like, all the time. And although research does support claims saying compression garments can help with certain medical conditions, when it comes to wearing them for sports, the evidence is less science-based and more empirical. Are compression socks for sports any good? And even if they were, what level of compression socks do you need?
The best compression socks for running are available in a variety of compression levels and for someone who's not well-versed in the topic, it might be hard to make the right decision about which one to get. If you're in doubt, you can always get 'standard' running socks: these are generally shorter and offer some level of compression still around the ankles, despite not being advertised as compression garments.
How compression is measured in compression socks
Running compression socks' compression level is measured in mmHg, or 'millimetre of mercury', which is a standard unit of pressure and also used for measuring blood pressure, for example. Stated compression generally is between a range – let's say, between 20-30 mmHg – which means that the socks' compression levels will be between these levels. The actual compression depends on the size of feet/legs and can vary from person to person.
Graduated vs managed compression
Most compression socks for running provide gradual compression, meaning that the compression level is the strongest around the ankles and tapers off towards the top of the socks. However, some compression socks offer 'managed' compression which provides even pressure throughout the whole length of the sock. The latter is certainly not essential but an option, should you need firmer support below the knees during your runs.
Mild compression (8-15 mmHg)
This is the lightest level of compression and most compression socks for running offer this amount around the top of the socks. If you're unfamiliar with compression socks and haven't got any medical reasons why you should be wearing compression garments, this level should feel comfortable enough for running and recovery.
Moderate compression (15-20 mmHg)
Quite a few compression socks for running will offer moderate amounts of compression around the ankles. This amount of compression feels a bit tighter (obviously) and depending on your calf size, it might feel a bit restrictive for some. Running socks with moderate compression will help recovery after rigorous training sessions as they could help muscle oxygenation.
Firm compression (20-30 mmHg)
As the name suggests, firm compression will provide quite a lot of pressure around the ankles and even higher up, at calf level. Firm compression socks for running are recommended for people who are recovering from injuries and/or have certain medical conditions (e.g. varicose veins). Firm compression socks can also help keep feet swelling at bay.
PLEASE NOTE: this is not medical advice and if you have any medical condition that you think might require you to wear compression garments, please speak to your GP or a medical professional.